Wednesday, September 27, 2017

What Does Warped Earth Have to do with it?- Part II

Continued from the previous post regarding the importance of understanding geologic folds, warps and bending and why these suggest a young earth with a catastrophic Flood and not an aged earth billions of years old.
Many of these folded layers of rock are enormous, so what could have formed these folds?  In most cases, geologists can only point to catastrophe. They simply could not suggest any gradual process that could deform rocks into tight folds under normal temperature conditions without fracturing them.  Even the thick strata in Grand Canyon were still soft and plastic when they were deformed.
    However, there are other instances where it is obvious that the folding occurred while the rock was solid.  Deformation experiments have shown that such folding is possible under extreme pressure in a short time or under moderate pressure in a long time.  Some tightly folded rock layers are so large that they can only be properly observed from the air
Tightly folded rock layers as seen from the air covering many miles. This layer of Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia, shows a rapid plate movement, such as during the Genesis Flood, would have provided the immense forces needed to compress and fold such great volumes of rock.  In this case, the evidence is consistent with some heating of the rock, probably due to the forces involved

Massive folds in hard rock over such a huge area would have involved enormous forces that can only be explained by enormous catastrophe.  Could continental-scale earth movements during the Genesis Flood have produced the great forces needed to fold such large, tight folds quickly? 
    While many scoff at the thought of the global Flood, claiming that normal climatic events could not cause such an event, the rock folding we see in various areas around the world show just the opposite, i.e., that an unnatural event, such as the Flood, would have brought such forces into play and folded such enormous amount of rock covering several miles. 
    The Flood started when ‘the fountains of the great deep broke forth and the floodgates of the heavens were opened’ (Genesis 7:11)
    The Bible is very clear that the Flood was a real event—an incredible worldwide catastrophe. 
    In spite of this, some people imagine that the Bible must be describing a local flood. And they only look for evidence for large local floods in the Middle East. However, if they could bring themselves to accept (even if only for the sake of the argument) the immensity of the Flood, they would soon ‘see’ that the geological evidence for global cataclysm is overwhelming.
    A Genesis Flood would have involved such rapid movement of the huge plates comprising the crust of the Earth, that the sediment would still have been soft when it was deformed.  No sooner would floodwaters have deposited great volumes of mud and sand than moving plates would have crumpled and deformed the sediment while it was still saturated.  The Flood also explains the colossal forces needed to fold enormous areas of hard rock. Thus, the Biblical Flood is a simple, logical, and valid explanation for why we find so much rock that has been catastrophically deformed on all the continents.
Folding in the Ancash, Peruvian Andes, limestone has been folded as an oceanic plate pushed against the edge of the South American Plate

According to I.F. Clark and B.J. Cook in Geological Science-Perspectives of the Earth, within folded rocks of the Andes have been found fossilized sea shells found in the rock were once in the sea. Experiments with deforming limestone show that strata such as these could have been folded within the year-long Genesis Flood (Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, 1986y, p404). 
Radical folding at Eastern Beach, near Auckland in New Zealand, indicates that the sediments were soft and pliable when folded, inconsistent with a long time for their formation. Such folding can be seen world-wide and is consistent with a young age of the earth

Thick, tightly bent strata without sign of melting or fracturing in the Kaibab Upward in the Grand Canyon indicates rapid folding before the sediments had time to solidify (the sand grains were not elongated under stress as would be expected if the rock had hardened). This wipes out hundreds of millions of years of time and is consistent with extremely rapid formation during the biblical Flood.
Numerous examples of folded earth where the rock is considered by geologists to be millions of years old, yet was folded when pliable and being formed, such as being pushed up during the upheavels following the Flood

In addition, according to Allen, tectonic movement during the Genesis Flood has pushed these Peruvian strata 16,000 feet above sea level.  During this upheaval, rapid erosion by a rushing mixture of water and rock, followed by glacial erosion in the post-Flood Ice Age, would have left the landscape eroded. Today, the glaciers have receded and erosion has slowed down, but even at the present rate, erosion is occurring much too fast for these mountains to have existed anywhere near as long as the evolutionary geological timescale suggests (Sediment transport and the Genesis Flood—case studies including the Hawkesbury Sandstone, Sydney, Journal of Creation 10(3):358–378, 1996).
The point is, when we observe nature all around us, especially the rocks in their bent and folded manner, we should realize that these shapes and circumstances bear obvious evidence of a young earth and a catastrophic Flood that shaped our landscape as we see it, and not some earth billions of years old where such bent and folded rock would actually be sheared and brittle, broken in places where we see folds and bends today.

1 comment:

  1. If you take a ride up Provo canyon you will see great thickness of limestone deposits on both sides of the road. In some places you can observe spectacular folding of the beds.

    I was taught in school that currently there not a single place on Earth where limestone of this magnitude is being created. The limestone was formed during Noah's flood. It isn't being formed now.

    Near the end of the flood there was so much deposition that tectonic rebound occurred forcing up the mountain ranges. This is when the folds were formed at a time when the sediments were still relatively soft.