Monday, October 14, 2019

The Fallacy of the Inca – Part I

Several of the modern Andean peoples trace their ancestries to mythical figures who emerged from holes in the ground of one type or another. These places of origin, or paqarina, were regarded as shrines of regeneration, where religious ceremonies were to be performed. The Inca paqarina was located at Paqari-tampu (Paccari Tampu), about 15 miles south of Cuzco. According to legend, of the three caves at Paqari-tampu, the founders of the Inca dynasty—Manco Capac (Manqo Qhapaq), his three brothers, and his four sisters—supposedly emerged from the middle cave.
    Some might see this as a parallel to the earlier event of Nephi and his three brothers, and thee four sisters who became their wives, and thus sisters to Nephi. In any event, this pagarina legend was fostered by the Inca, who were known for their taking earlier myths, legends, and historical factors as their own, and placing it within their history—mostly to impress their neighbors and enemies of how powerful they were and how long they had been in power.
Brien Foerster (left), who explored Polynesia looking for the source of the Polynesian people, and who studied Peru from its earliest roots to the Inca culture, which led to his writing his first book: A Brief History Of The Incas. He has written over 15 books and articles for Graham Hancock and was associated with Lloyd Pye of the Starchild project, whose geneticist is analyzing the DNA of elongated human skulls of the Peruvian Paracas culture.
    Among Foerster’s colleagues are Stephen Mehler, author, archaeologist, ancient Egypt oral tradition specialist and expert on crystal skulls, Christopher Dunn, engineer and author of The Giza Power Plant, Dr. Robert Schoch, geologist and expert of ancient Egypt, Hugh Newman of Megalithomania, sith whom he co-sponsors tours, L.A. Marzulli, and many other well-known “alternative” authors and researchers. In addition, Brien has been on nine episodes of Ancient Aliens, numerous radio shows, including Red Ice Creations, Coast To Coast Am, Jeff Rense, Project Camelot and a new US video series called Unsealed, as well as L.A. Marzulli’s The Watchers.
    Today he is a major authority on the megalithic works of South America and the perplexing ancient Elongated Headed people of the area, and divides his time between Paracas Peru, and Cuzco. His current explorations in Egypt along with Stephen Mehler and Patricia and Yousef Awyan are avidly continuing the work of Abd’El Hakim Awyan, who spent decades finding evidence of the existence of a highly technological culture that existed in Egypt thousands of years prior to the pharaohs.
    Foerster is adamant about the origin of buildings and structures in Andean Peru, saying: “Contrary to conventional thought, the Inca were not the most technologically advanced culture in the area of modern Peru and Bolivia, but were preceded by the great megalithic builders thousands of years before” (Foerster, “Follow the Inca Train,” Hidden Inca Tours, 2017).
To better understand the Nephites and people of ancient Peru, it would be necessary to understand a few important points about the Egyptians of Lehi’s time, and with whom he evidently did business. These builders in ancient Egypt shaped many kinds of stone with consummate mastery. They were adept with the use of a variety of tools for manufacturing housewares, building stone and statuary; tube drills, straight saws, circular saws, lathes, and polishers. The marks left in the stone by these tools are the only available reliable source of information about these tools and how they were used. To date, no surviving examples of the actual tools used have been found. Neither have any written or pictorial records come to light which mention or describe their use.
    Why are so many ancient stone structures found in Peru, and how were they so precisely made, and when? The conventional academic explanation that the Inca built everything to be found around Cusco and the Sacred Valley of Peru “has become a comical farce.” The Inca, though an incredibly advanced and sophisticated people did not have the technology to shape hard stone with such accuracy, and even their oral traditions speak of “those who came before.”
Top: Ancient pre-Inca advanced construction; Bottom: Pre-Inca to right, and Inca construction to left 

There is no question that when the Inca tried to repair or add on to the existing building that had taken place long before their time, their lack of construction ability is very evidenced.  Nowhere in their work is found the cut and angled stonework that marks the much earlier works that mark the ancient Peruvian’s abilities.
    As for the Inca, it is believed by most academics that they developed as a distinct society on the Island of the Sun and Island of the Moon in Lake Titicaca. However, this has in fact never been proven. All of the architecture on these islands is very primitive. In fact, the history of the great Inca culture, as espoused by academics, most books about Peru, and presented by most guides, is full of factual errors.
    While most uninformed historians and scholars claim the Inca began around 1000 to 1200 AD, it is well documented that the first Inca known was Viracocha Inca around 1400, and his son, Pachacuti Inca Yaupanqui, who reigned from 1439 to 1471.  It was during this latter period that the Inca began to build their myths of origin, creating numerous Inca leaders back several generations. The Inca actually were established in the Cuzco Basin from 1438 to 1533.
    It was Pachacuti who transformed a small village in Cuzco from a modest little domain into a great city. He also installed Inti, the Sun God, as the Incas' official patron, building him a wondrous temple. He transformed his city into a center heir cities centered on the great plaza into a place for vast parties for neighboring chiefs. Festivities continued for days on end, sometimes lasting a month. Dignitaries were fed, and given gifts of gold, jewels, and textiles. Only then would the Inca make their requests for labor, to increase food production, to build irrigation schemes, to terrace hillsides, or to extend the limits of the empire.
It was Pachacuti (above) who developed the myth of the Inca, calling his domain Tawantin Suyu (Tahuantinsuyo), or the Four Quarters or Four United Regions, and claiming his village to be the center of his realm. In time, four origin myths were developed to augment the false longevity of the Inca empire. Contrary to popular belief, the Inca were not fully in control of people and events in their “empire.” Tahuantinsuyu was a patchwork of languages, cultures, and peoples, and the conquered people were not all uniformly loyal, nor were the local cultures all fully integrated. The portions of the Chachapoya that had been conquered were almost openly hostile to the Inca, and the Inca nobles rejected an offer of refuge in their kingdom after their troubles with the Spanish. For instance, the Chimú used money in their commerce, while the Inca empire as a whole had an economy based on exchange and taxation of luxury goods and labor, which resulted in little love for the “tax man.”
    Over the ensuing years, the Inca used conquest and peaceful assimilation to incorporate the territory of modern-day Peru, followed by a large portion of western South America, into their empire, centered on the Andean mountain range.
(See the next post, “The Fallacy of the Inca – Part II,” for further information regarding the fallacy of the Inca regarding the development and building of ancient Peru)


  1. I have followed Brien for a long time. One of the aspects of the megalithic stonework in Peru that Brien brings out is the glossy finish on the stones many have. Not only are they cut with extreme precision, but their surfaces look polished with no tool marks. And the stone is often andesite which is incredibly hard. Besides this, there are many examples of "saw marks" and perfectly drilled holes. The only ancient aliens I believe involved with this were the angels that taught Nephi.

    1. That glossy look is often attributed to vitrification, which is like the glossy sheen on pottery, produced by intense heat. There are a number of researchers who point out vitrification on the megalithic stone features in Peru. You can especially see it at night when shining a light on the stone.