Quito (in the north) and most other populated areas in the Sierra are located at this temperate level. The cold level extends from the temperate zone to 15,256 feet. Here, average temperatures are 37.4 to 48.2 °F, and the precipitation often appears in the form of rain, hail, and thick fog. Above 15,256 feet is the frozen level, where peaks are constantly capped with snow and ice, and temperatures range from below 32.0 to 37.4 °F. Precipitation frequently is in the form of snow, fog, and rain.
Again, this shows why most of the activity in the Land Northward was in the Land of Moron to the south, and even when one faction had to separate themselves and flee to the north, when they were reinstated, they returned to Moron and did not remain in the north.
El Oriente (the East) Amazon Basin is mostly tropical moist slopes of the Andes mountains that descend into the Amazon Basin, which has a strikingly different upland rain forest with steep, rugged ridges and cascading streams and lowland rainforest. Some 38% of Ecuador's land is forested, and despite a 1.5% annual deforestation rate remains one of the most biodiverse locations on the planet. The Oriente is also home to a large number of Ecuador's indigenous groups, notably the lowland Quechua, Siona, Secoya, Huarani, and Cofãn.
The Eastern lowlands in the Oriente experience abundant rainfall, especially in the Andean piedmont, sometimes exceeding 196.9 inches per year. Temperatures average 77 °F in the western parts of this region. The jungle-covered plains of the Eastern lowlands register high levels of rainfall and temperatures surpassing 82.4 °F.
The Hill Cumorah is located between the “Lake District” and the Land of Many Waters, called today the “Los Rios” or the “Rivers District”
It might also be of interest that anciently, the area was called Guiana, a word translated as “land of many waters” (from an American Indian word)—Guayana is now the name of a country in northeast South America. It might be a reach, but I find the connection irresistible.
This area, a little southwest of Quito, is roughly between Guaranda to the southeast and Portoviejo to the northwest, and south of Quevedo. It is interesting that to the northwest of Quevedo is a huge “lake district” (Laguna Velasco Ibarra), a place many large and small lakes, ponds and estuaries, as well as an area of ruinous earthquakes, very high flooding risks, severe and frequent drought seasons, and natural mosaic forest, including the indigenous Guaya tree (Melicoccus bijugatus) with its prolific fruit, and shrubland/grassland, with a subtropical climate and dry forest biozone; three major rivers cross the area, the Rio Tambo, Rio Salado and Rio Hondo. The entire area to the west and south is full of Guaya trees (the Province is called Guayas)
Left: Guaya tree and fruit (break the thin shell and a delicious, moist yellow fruit inside) also called Mamoncillo, Mamón, Chenette Gnep, Guinep, Guenepa, Skinnip, Skinup, Canepa, Genip, Guinep, Ginnip, Kenèp, Talpa jocote, Canepa, Quenepa, Genepa, Xenepa, Kenepa, Knippa, Anoncillo, Ackee, Spanish lime and Limoncillo; Right: Forest to the south; Bottom: Forest to the east
In the Costa region, the Costa Externa has mostly intermittent rivers that are fed by constant rains from December through May and become empty riverbeds during the dry season. The few exceptions are the longer, perennial rivers that flow throughout the Costa Externa from the Costa Internal and the Sierra on their way to the Pacific Ocean. The Costa Internal, by contrast, is crossed by perennial rivers that may flood during the rainy season, sometimes forming swamps. Also a good reason why battles were fought only during certain periods of the year and the attacking force typically went home to lick its wounds during the times when battles were not possible becasue of the swollen, uncrossable rivers, or the flooding swamps, etc.
The Guayas River as it flows into the Gulf of Guayaquil (part of the Sea that Divides the Land
This is a good explanation why we do not find the Jaredites moving at will through the land to live just anywhere like the later Nephites in the Land Southward. Movement and area, though large enough in size, was limited in usuable or livable space.
The second major Costa river system—the Esmeraldas—rises in the Hoya de Quito in the Sierra as the Guayllabamba River and flows westward to empty into the Pacific Ocean near the city of Esmeraldas. The Esmeraldas River is 200-miles-long and has a 12,500-square-mile drainage basin.
Major rivers in the Oriente include the Pastaza, Napo, and Putumayo. The Pastaza is formed by the confluence of the Chambo and the Patate rivers, both of which rise in the Sierra. The northern area of this entire land could indeed be called "The land of Many Waters."
It seems certain that after being 344 days in their enclosed barges, the Jaredites felt the desire or need to leave the ocean area after landing and gain some altitude up into the foothills and higher elevations, for we are told that “they went forth upon the face of the land, and began to till the earth” (Ether 6:13). We find also that after landing (Alma 23:30), the Jaredites “came from there up into the south wilderness” (Alma 22:31), in an area near the Land of Desolaltion—Now the land of Moron, where the king dwelt, was near the land which is called Desolation by the Nephites (Alma 22:31)—just north of the narrow neck of land. It wasn’t long, however, before rebellion was fostered, for Jared’s son, Orihah, became king (when everyone else refused) and his son, Kib, had a son named Corihor. So Jared’s great grandson, Corihor, rebelled, for “when Corihor was thirty and two years old he rebelled against his father, and went over and dwelt in the land of Nehor” (Ether 7:4).
Now Corihor stayed at Nehor until he had gained sufficient strength in an army to reclaim the kingdom. “And when he had gathered together an army he came up unto the land of Moron where the king dwelt, and took him captive” (Ether 7:5). It is likely that Corihor removed the kingdom from Moron back to Nehor where he had dwelt most of his days, for we later learn that Corihor’s much younger brother, Shule, won over the kingdom and restored his father to the throne, but one of Corihor’s sons, Noah, “gave battle unto Shule the king, in which he did obtain the land of their first inheritance [Moron]; and he became a king over that part of the land” as well (Ether 7:16). Consequently, there now were two kingdoms, which would have meant both Moron and Nehor.