Friday, September 30, 2016

The Paraiba Inscriptions and the Two South America Islands of Antiquity-Part I

Recently we were asked: “Have you read the story on page 18 of Priddis book about some Canaanites (Phoenicians) that were blown off course around Africa? If true this is quite interesting” (iterry). In answering it took more than a short response, so we are providing it here as a full article.
Cyrus H. Gordon, Sir Leonard Woolley  and Flinders Petrie

    Yes, I have read Priddis’ reference to Robert Larson’s listing of Cyrus H. Gordon, the head of the Department of Mediterranean Studies at Brandeis University, as well as an expert in ancient Semitic languages, and author of some 13 books, and interpreter of the Paraiba Inscription. Before that, I read Larson’s work on Fusang and also Gordon’s works on the subject, the latter having been to Egypt in the JDS Pendlebury expedition. He was quite a fellow, learning Hebrew at age 5 and both Greek and Latin as a young child, and studied Old Persian and Sanskrit as well in college. He also was a ground archaeologist, digging at Ur with the British archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley, considered one of the first “modern” archaeologists for which he was knighted in 1935. Gordon also was involved with the Petrie Palestinian [Archaeological] Project with Flinders Petrie who excavated at Tell El-Ajjul in Palestine during the British Mandate Period.
    On the other hand, Gordon was a man constantly challenging traditional theories, such as promoting a belief that Greek and Hebrew cultures came from the same (common) Semitic heritage. Gordon also held that Jews, Phoenicians, and others crossed the Atlantic in antiquity, ultimately arriving in both North and South America. This opinion was based on his own work on the Bat Creek inscription found in Tennessee and on the transcription of the Paraiba inscription (no one has evidently seen) from Brazil, as well as his assessment of the Los Lunas Decalogue Stone.
Robert Larson, Hwui Shan, and Hubert Howe Bancroft

    In addition, Gordon was a friend of John Philip Cohane who promoted and wrote about the Irish coming from the Mediterranean and that the original blood stock in England Ireland, Scotland, and Wales were all Semitic, and also wrote about extraterrestrial beings and is considered a pseudohistorian. There is no secret that those involved with extra-terrestrial views in archaeology as well as beliefs in Atlantis, Mu, Lemuria, etc., are not much respected and neither are their views and findings by mainstream science.
    In addition, Robert Larson wrote about the historical account of the voyage of Buddhist Hwui Shan from Asia to the U.S. in 458 A.D. The written account is the only record of East-West contact. The description of the people and places visited by the explorer corresponds with the North Pacific route. The refusal of historians to entertain the idea that Hwui Shan discovered the U.S. can likely be attributed to the opposition of History Co. Inc. founder Hubert Howe Bancroft, the American historian and ethnologist who wrote, published and collected works concerning the western United States, Alaska, Mexico, Central America and British Columbia.
    According to Larson, Hwui Shan’s voyage from China, five hundred years before Leif Ericson and a thousand years before Columbus, has been almost totally ignored by modern American historians, yet a rather considerable number of learned papers, articles, and even books were once written about him by Western scholars who believed that he crossed the Pacific: and landed on the west coast of this continent—which he described as the wonderful Land of Fusang—in the year 458.
Alexander von Humboldt, Karl Freiderich and Charles Godfrey Leland

    The great Alexander von Humboldt called him the Leif Ericson of China, and the Land of Fusang the Vinland of the West. The French sinologues de Guignes and Paravey believed that he reached California. The German Karl Friedrich Neumann identified the Land of Fusang as Mexico. One American, Charles G. Leland, wrote a monograph called Fusang (London, 1875). Another, Edward P. Vining, compiled an 8oo-page encyclopaedic volume about the man he regarded as An Inglorious Columbus (New York, 1885). Dr. Charles E. Chapman, in his History of California: The Spanish Period (New York, 1921), devoted a chapter to him entitled “The Chinese Along the Pacific Coast in Ancient Times.”
    Hwui Shan, whose name (also written as “Hoei Shin”) means “very intelligent” in Chinese, was a cha-men , or mendicant Buddhist priest, from Afghanistan who first came to China as a very young missionary about the year 450. The period was one of great expansion for Buddhism, and extraordinary journeys made by cha-men on land and sea were not at all uncommon. This one seems to have left China almost immediately, in the company of four fellow priests, on a missionary journey to new lands. His report indicates that they sailed northeast of Japan to the Land of Ta-Han (the Kamchatka Peninsula in Siberia) and from there traveled 20,000 Ii (about 6,600 miles) east to the Land of Fusang. This distance and direction suggest that they went by a coasting, island hopping route across the North Pacific, past the Aleutian Islands to Alaska, and down the west coast of America as far as Mexico. There, apparently, they remained for forty years, observing the country, its people, its customs, crafts, plants, and animals—and diffusing Buddhism among the inhabitants.
From 206 BC to 25 AD, Chinese junks were driven by oars. The first mention we find of a Chinese vessel in history is 331 BC, when Berenice is said to have traded with Musiris, exchanging goods there which were probably brought by native vessels from China to Ceylon; Most, if not all, of the early Chinese trade was limited to the Red Sea ports, the Nile and the Indo-China ports. No drawings survive to show China junks ever had keels or deep water vessels before that of the West

    It’s a good story, but history simply does not bear it out, from Chinese junks built in the 5th century and their capability to the lack of Buddhism in the Western Hemisphere from such missionary work of 40 years, and was after much debate and research, refuted by the time of World War I (Joseph Needham, Ling Wang; Gwei-Djen (1971). "Pt. 3, Civil engineering and nautics". Science and civilization in China. 4, Physics and physical technology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 540–542). There have, by the way, been many modern claims of such early discovery of America, with the intent of laying claim to both fame and fortune, but all have been shown to be fallacious.
    In any event, the idea of two islands which are reported as what the Sidonian sailors recorded and later reported and which Venice Priddis writes,would have been inaccurate to what existed at the time, however, based on where the events took place the sailors were shipwrecked on the east coast of South America (of which we have written before), they would only have been able to see two islands if there was a water passage to the Atlantic through what is now the mouth of the Amazon River, which Venice Priddis claims did not exist at that time. Her two islands, therefore were all of the east coast lands of South America and the Western lands that would have been the Land of Promise—with the Amazon Basin an inland sea with openings at the present day Orinoco River delta and south of the present-day Plata Estuary and all of this southern portion of the continent. 
    However, modern geologists have found evidence in sea beds, etc., that the island makeup of South America was slightly, but importantly, different.
(See the next post, “The Paraiba Inscriptions and the Two South America Islands of Antiquity, Part II,” for more on this incident of the Paraiba Inscriptions and the two islands reported by ancient shipwrecked sailors)


  1. Del, So your map differs from Priddis map in that there are no outlining islands at all? The sea east would have covered everything up to the east coast? Did you find in your research where the stone was actually found? Was it near Rio de Janeiro. If the stone was found near Rio then there had to be islands I guess is the point. If however the stone was found near the old eastern sea coast then that would be a different story. Thanks for the information.

  2. Two outlying islands along what would be the east coast today (Guiana and Brazil Shields) instead of her one (or include the Land of Promise along the west shore and you have three instead of her two she showed that the two in the east were connected and there was no break for the mouth of the Amazon River of today; however, the geologists of our day show that this break in the east of the Amazon River mouth of today existed then. Thus the Spanish sailors returning talked about two islands--the only two they could have seen from the Atlantic (the Land of Promise being too far to the west to have been seen by them).