Hopewell Mounds in Ohio
It is always interesting to see how different theorists get around the reality of all these buildings both the Jaredites and Nephites built, by claiming they were built of wood, which did not last. First of all, if the Jaredite buildings had been built of wood, they would not have lasted several hundreds of years for Limhi’s people to have seen them, and secondly, to claim the Nephi built of wood, including his magnificent temple whose “workmanship thereof was exceedingly fine” (2 Nephi 5:16) that he compared it to Solomon’s temple, which was built entirely of stone except for wood supports for upper levels and roof, as well as cedars from Lebanon used to panel the stone interior walls, which was then overlaid with gold, is a far cry from scriptural evidence and an understanding of both the Jews in history and Nephi in general.
Top Left: An excavation in Jerusalem of ancient stone buildings during David’s time (900 B.C.); Top Right: Jerusalem buildings that date back to B.C. times (restored) made of the original stone; Bottom Left: Stone structure dating to B.C. times outside Jerusalem; Bottom Right: Stones that once belonged to a structure dating to Jeremiah’s time (626 B.C.)
It is also interesting to see how these North American theorists talk about “banks of earth round about to enclose his armies” that were thrown up by Moroni, but never mention—and I mean never mention—that in the very same verse Mormon tells us that Moroni was “also building walls of stone to encircle them about, round about their cities and the borders of their lands; yea, all round about the land” (Alma 48:8).
Now it is quite obvious that banks of earth can dissipate over time from weathering, but walls of stone do not—especially when those walls were built for the express purpose of protecting the Nephites against constant Lamanite aggression and attacks. Would Moroni build a stone wall to stop the Lamanites that could be jumped over, did not provide protection, and could be easily toppled or broken through?
Which would you prefer for your defense? Top: 2 to 3 feet high walls, or (Bottom) 8 to 10 feet high walls? Which do you think Moroni had his army build to protect them?
Top: An ancient free-standing B.C. building in Old Jerusalem of cut and dressed stone; Bottom: Interior of an ancient B.C. stone house in Jerusalem. Note the absence of wood in any manner
The remains of the dwellings, which include several well-preserved stone walls and stone flooring, were uncovered in the Shu'fat neighborhood of north east Jerusalem. Described as being “well preserved” and showing there was a permanent settlement on the ancient site of Jerusalem. At the time the inhabitants were still using stone tools as copper technology was beginning to emerge. Luckily, the site was discovered in the excavations that were carried out before a new road was laid down across the top of a hill in the area.
Archaeologists recently excavated what they are calling the oldest house in Jerusalem that so far dates to 5000 B.C.
A massive stepped podium for the Canaanite-Jebusite palace/fortress that was also used as David’s palace. Eilat Mazar dates the building of this structure from the period of 1200-1000 BC. This Stepped Stone Structure was the work of the Jebusites during the days of the Judges, and the work of David around 1000 B.C.
Isn’t it about time that North American theorists started using intellectual honesty in their claims that so far run far afield of the scriptural record and the reality of history of the period?